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Tuesday, 6 August 2013

Manitoba's Worst Train Disasters: Birdtail Creek (1968)

© 2013, 2018, Christian Cassidy
This is one in a series on Manitoba's deadliest train crashes.

https://www.winnipegfreepress.com/local/catastrophic-bridge-collapse-482476793.html
UPDATE: My May 13, 2018, column in the Winnipeg Free Press takes a detailed look back at this crash fifty years later. I talk to family members and find that a scheduling change that night prevented what would have been the worst train disaster in Canada's history.
Top: April 24, 1968, Regina Leader-Post (source)
Bottom: Winnipeg Tribune Archives (source)

At 2:45 am on April 23, 1968, a 97-car CN cargo train travelling across the Birdtail Sioux First Nation was approaching a bridge over the Birdtail Creek, about about 20 kilometres southwest of Birtle, Manitoba.

As it crossed, part of the bridge gave way sending its four engines and first 22 cars into a deep ravine below.

Three of the five crew members, all from Saskatchewan, died at the scene.

- Robert Emerson, 50, was originally from Hamiota but two years earlier had relocated to Yorkton. He was the husband of Marjorie and father of five.

- Herbert Dagerstedt, 36, of Melville. He was the husband of Elaine and father of two.


- Alfred Varga, 40, of Melville. he was the husband of Adeline and father of five, the youngest just seven weeks old.

April 23, 1968, Winnipeg Free Press

A coroner's inquest opened in Hamiota, Manitoba under the direction of Dr. J. Edward Hudson on May 23, 1968.

Senior CN officials testified that it was the company's belief that a fire was created by a braking train that crossed the bridge hours before burned one of the wooden approaches to the bridge. The fire weakened it enough that the next train to pass fell through.

In the end, the derailment was ruled accidental.

March 29, 1995, Winnipeg Free Press

Due to the difficulty of accessing the crash site, the wreckage was buried at the scene. But over the decades, erosion began uncovering the wreck.

The Birdtail Sioux First Nation was concerned that children could be hurt playing in or near the site. In March 1995, they began negotiations with CN to have it removed. Talks broke down and the First Nation began excavating the site on their own.

In December 2002, the federal Government launched a $1.7m lawsuit against CN on behalf of the First Nation for costs related to the cleanup.

11 comments:

Rob Varga said...
This comment has been removed by the author.
Rob Varga said...

Thanks for posting this. After all these years I still look for more on this wreck.

Alfred Varga was my Dad. I was the lodest at 8 years. He left behind 4 boys, a new born girl and my Mom, Adeline. I will always miss him.

Just a couple of clarifications on the story. Mr. Emerson was actually from Yorkton, SK. Dad was 40 and he actually died at the scene shortly after the crash. The area was pretty remote back in 1968. Still was when I went there in 1993.

Just to add a bit of personal touch to this, Mr. Degerstead was our neighbour who only lived a few doors down from us. We hung out with his son Keith and daughter, Rhonda for quite a few years while growing up. Keith put together a memorial cairn and service in Melville honouring the men killed on duty from the Melville CNR station. All that work, yet they spelled his Dad's last name wrong. Go figure!

If you have any info on the outcome of the law suit, I would love to hear it.

Thanks!

Rob Varga

mrchristian said...

Thanks for commenting and making corrections.

If you send me an email at "cassidy at mts.net" I can send you the full newspaper articles from the Trib and Free Press that I used to write this story.

I tried to find the outcome of the lawsuit but couldn't. CN and the FN must have kissed and made up because earlier this year they were going to go into business together: http://www.winnipegfreepress.com/local/birdtail-sioux-rejects-oil-industry-201737411.html

mrchristian said...

Also, where was your father from ? Melville ?

Anonymous said...

Hello
A correction to your write up should read : Mr. Robert Emerson left a wife and FIVE children. My name is Colleen, his youngest of five. I was nine when he died on the job. We had lived in Melville but at the time of his death we lived in Yorkton.
He will never be forgotten.
Colleen

Christian Cassidy said...

Thank you. The correction to the number of children has been made.

Anonymous said...

that was a bad accident i was at the accident scene right after it happened , as work for cn at that location , they say the piles on the bridge were cut with a chain saw or other type of saw , it wasn t cn fault ...

Colleen Ernst said...
This comment has been removed by the author.
Anonymous said...

Dear Anonymous

Could you please elaborate on WHO said that the piles were cut with a chain saw or other type of saw; and who said that ?

Thanks for the info

Anonymous said...

attach to above comment - WHO and When was it said that a saw was used. Thanks

Christian Cassidy said...

Hi all. Sadly, the 50th anniversary of the crash has just passed.

On top of my blog, I also write a history column for the Winnipeg Free Press: https://www.winnipegfreepress.com/biographies/372459332.html and would like to write about this for next weekend.

If there are any family members out there or people with a direct link to the crash, please feel free to contact me at cassidy-at-mts.net. I am particularly interested in images of the three men who died. The Manitoba media don't seem to have published them and, sadly, there are no SK newspapers in digital archives form from 1968 that I can find.

Thanks

Christian