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Thursday, 1 December 2011

Deanna Durbin: From Winnipeg to Hollywood (1921 - 1936)

© 2011, Christian Cassidy
This is part one of a look back at the life and career of Winnipeg-born singer and actress Deanna Durbin.

Edna Mae Durbin was born on December 4, 1922 in Winnipeg, Manitoba. Though she lived here for less than two years before her family moved to Los Angeles, the Durbins kept close ties to the city thanks to extended family and friends. Local media dubbed her "Winnipeg's Sweetheart" and followed the young starlet as if she never left.

This is a look back at the Winnipeg side of Deanna Durbin's life.
At the end of part three I will include a number of Deanna Durbin links for those who want to look deeper into her Hollywood career.

Part 1: From Winnipeg to Hollywood (1922 - 1936)

Durbin's father was James A. Durbin, (October 2, 1884 - May 1, 1976), who grew up around  Newton Heath, Lancashire, England, a small industrial town just east of Manchester City. He was a slight man with a good soprano voice. His parents, however, steered him toward the trades and he apprenticed as an iron worker (1).

Today, the world knows Newton Heath for its football club, the Newton Heath L and YR (Lancashire and Yorkshire Railways) or, as it was re-christened in April 1902, Manchester United!

Mother Ada Tomlinson Read, (December 8, 1885 - June 10, 1972), was one of twelve children of William and Sophie Read of Ruabon, Wales. They later moved to Chester then to the industrial
town of Oldham.

 

The couple married in 1908 in the Congregational Chapel in Thorpe Road, Newton Heath. The following year they had their first child, Edith, and the year after that left for Canada, initially settling in Peterborough, Ontario. 

In 1912, the Durbin family relocated to Winnipeg which was at the pinnacle of its economic might. The grain trade was booming, record amounts of cargo were being shipped into the West and land speculators were becoming millionaires overnight. (2)There were four railways located in the city at the time. The Canadian Pacific with its 3,000 employees was Winnipeg's largest single employer and James Durbin, blacksmith, would soon be one of them.

Deanna Durbin's Winnipeg Childhood Home

When the Durbins first arrived in Winnipeg in 1912 they lived at 388 Blake Street. The following year, they moved around the corner to 2234 Gallagher Avenue which is where they remained for the rest of their time in the city. It was a modest, 1,000 square foot bungalow that was built two years before they arrived.

Today, this part of Winnipeg is known as the Weston neighbourhood, named for the C.P.R.'s massive Weston Shops located to the north. Back then, though, it was nicknamed "C.P.R. Town" and filled mainly with immigrants who worked in the yards or related industrial sites nearby.



Weston Shops
C.P.R. Weston Yards ca. 1903 (source) and 2010

C.P.R. Town would have been a noisy, smelly place, especially back in the days of coal fired trains. Weston was, (and still is), the C.P.R.'s main repair shops for all of Manitoba and operates 24 hours a day. Dozens of trains would have passed through day and night on the adjacent main lines leading to and from the prairie frontier.

The Manitoba Rolling Mills had a steel plant that included a smelter next to the yards at Gallagher Avenue at Vincent Street. In 1908, it underwent a large expansion and the city received so many complaints about the smoke, noise and putrid steam it created in the neighbourhood that night-time production had to be ended for a time. This plant was
still in operation when the Durbins lived there.

It's no wonder that Deanna would be referred to later as a "St. Vital girl" in her Hollywood bio as it has a much nicer connotation than "C.P.R. Town girl"!


Bottom: C.P.R. Weston Shop workers ca 1925 (source)

John immediately found work as a blacksmith at the C.P.R.'s Weston Shops. (I wonder if he knew my pal William Harvey?!) One building he likely would have worked in can be seen in the background of the modern photo above. At the time there was an entrance to the yards right off of Gallagher Avenue making for a very short commute.

The shops were a tough place to work due to long hours, dangerous working conditions and backbreaking labour. In fact, the seeds of the 1919 Winnipeg General Strike were sewn in the metal workers shops of the Weston yards. A machinist working there at the same time as Durbin was R. B. Russell who became a key General Strike labour leader.


On December 4, 1921* the Durbins' second daughter, Edna Mae, (later Deanna), was born at the Grace Hospital at Preston Avenue at Arlington Street in Wolseley, (now demolished).

The Salvation Army facility was built in 1905 to specialize in the care of "wayward girls" and included a small maternity wing. In 1911, it underwent a major expansion and within a few years it was Western Canada's largest maternity hospital. In 1921 Edna Mae was just one of 1,300 births!

*Most modern sources list her birth year as 1921, but if you read articles from back in the day, it is most often said to be 1922. It has been said by Durbin herself that the studio made her a year younger to keep her a teenager for longer.

The final proof of a 1921 or 1922 birth-date won't be known for a few more years as Manitoba Vital Statistics only releases birth records to the public after 100 years.

The Durbins ca. 1926 (Winnipeg Tribune)

Despite the house, steady work, and a growing family, there is one thing that James Durbin could not get settled down to: the cold Winnipeg winters. There are references to him being a sickly man and the cold effecting his health. Deanna later recounted that what little savings the family could make in the summer was eaten up by heating costs in the winter. 

It was decided that the family would move to a warmer climate and in May 1923 they departed by car for Los Angeles with 12 year-old Edith and 1-1/2 year-old Edna Mae in tow.

Despite leaving, the family was still bullish about this city's opportunities. In 1925 they convinced Sophia Read, Ada's widowed mother, and four of Ada's siblings,
brothers Jack and Albert and sisters Mrs. W. Gordon and Mrs. A. Crofts, to move to Winnipeg.

The Reads settled in St. Vital at 157 Berrydale Avenue. Both Jack and Albert got work as machinists with the C.N.R. shops in Transcona.


Source: Musical Courier, Vol. 159-60 ca. 1959

The family settled at 212 West 85th Street in Los Angeles, which appears to have since been demolished. John worked as a machinist and other manual jobs.

Eldest daughter Edith, Dee-Dee to Edna Mae, attended university and obtained her teachers certificate in 1932.

As for young Edna Mae, she showed an aptitude and a love for singing. Sister Edith took notice and once she began full-time work as a teacher she enrolled her at the Ralph Thomas Voice Academy in Los Angeles.

December 13, 1941, Winnipeg Tribune (Source)

The Durbins made regular visits to back to Winnipeg. Aside from extended family, they also had a number of close friends that they kept in touch with over the years.

For Edna Mae, the main draw was her 'granny', Sophia Read, who lived with sons Jack and Albert at their small home on Berrydale Avenue.
Mrs. Read (1860 - 1944) was from Chester, England and shared the same birthday as Deanna, though 61 years apart !

The longest period of time Deanna spent in Winnipeg after moving to L.A. was the summer of 1935. She visited again in 1936 and 1937, but after that, her meteoric career path appears to have kept her away.


Durbin with her mother (undated, Western Canada Pictoral Index)

Notes:
(1) From Spring 1973 Liberty Magazine (no longer available online)
(2) For more on Winnipeg at this time, see Jim Blanchard's
Winnipeg 1912
- For more family photos of the Durbins, see Deanna Durbin Devotees
- For more about the different birth years:
Top: December 16, 1939, Winnipeg Tribune
Bottom: September 15, 1937, Winnipeg Tribune

4 comments:

liveloverman said...

I love your article.
Saw her movies in my youth in the forties and fifties in the local cinema here in Holland.
Since then í became a life-time fan of this beautiful and outstanding woman with great singing and acting talents.
Look forward to more articles of this kind.
Jan Lambrechts, The Netherlands.

mrchristian said...

Thanks for this ! it's great to know she has fans around the world !

Jody said...

...and apparently so do you, Chris!

mrchristian said...

Part 2 is now up. I had to stretch it into a three-parter !