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Thursday, 8 August 2019

The Winnipeg Tribune's Arthur "Kit" Kitney

https://digitalcollections.lib.umanitoba.ca/islandora/object/uofm%3A1504541
A name that I have come across many times in my research is Arthur "Kit" Kitson. For 34 years he was the "Outdoors" editor for the Winnipeg Tribune keeping Manitobans abreast of the latest news on fish and wildlife populations, where the best hunting and fishing was at, and the latest in equipment ranging from rifles to outboard motors.

Kitson's contributions were often a mix of good advice and his quirky sense of humour. The above photo, for instance, ran with an article entitled "Slob, or King of the Outdoors" about proper hunting attire and how many hunters, himself included, hung on to their favourite pieces so long that their wives usually referred to them as "filthy old rags".

 I dug deeper into Kitson's background. You can find the nuts and bolts of his life in my entry about him at the MHS' Memorable Manitobans.

Wednesday, 31 July 2019

Who had the lable longer: Budweiser or Standard Lager?

© 2019, Christian Cassidy
This is one in a series of posts exploring the truth behind local history urban myths!

Most Manitoba beer drinkers have noticed the striking similarity between the beer bottle labels for Anheuser-Busch's Budweiser and Molson's Standard Lager, but which came first?

I find that many people think it was Standard, but after some digging I found out that Budweiser's 'script' label precedes it by some 40 years ! Despite this, the two brewing giants have been in and out of court fighting about their respective labels since 1980 and there's likely more to come.

Here's a look back at the Manitoba history of the two iconic beer brands.

St. Louis-based Anheuser-Busch introduced its Budweiser brand lager in 1876 and trademarked its 'script' beer bottle label in the U.S. in February 1886. The first ads selling Budweiser in Manitoba appeared in local papers in 1893 with the Hudson's Bay Company as its local distributor.

Manitobans voted in favour of prohibition in 1916 and the legal sale of alcohol in the province ceased. When it resumed in 1924 Budweiser did not return to shelves due to restrictions on imported beer.

As for Standard Lager, in 1877 Edward L. Drewry took over the old Redwood Brewery on the bank of the Red River at what is now Redwood Avenue. Drewry's had numerous brands on the go at any one time, but the basic three in the 1910s were Redwood Lager, Drewry's Extra Stout and Drewry's Old Ale.

The brewery survived the prohibition years by manufacturing soft drinks such as ginger ale and selling distilled water. Just before before beer sales resumed in 1924, E. L. Drewry sold off his share of the business, though the company kept his name.

Drewry's post-prohibition lineup included the return of its Old Ale and Extra Stout brands along with something called "American Style Beer".

In November 1926, Drewry's introduced a new brand to the market called Standard Lager to celebrate its 50th anniversary which took place the following year.

Standard's script bottle label was trademarked in Canada in November 1926. It bore a striking resemblance to the label of what had become the U.S.'s top selling beer, but since Budweiser was not sold in Manitoba at the time there was no apparent controversy.

Standard Lager became Drewry's signature brand and has survived over ninety years of corporate mergers as Drewry's became part of Western Canada Breweries, then Carling's, Carling O'Keefe's, Molson's and Molson/Coors.

In 1980, Carling O'Keefe was the smallest of Canada's "big three" national brewers along with Molson's and Labatt's. That was also the year that Labatt's signed a deal with Anheuser-Busch to manufacture and sell Budweiser in the Canadian market. After a trial sales period in Alberta it began selling Budweiser in Ontario in April 1981 and soon rolled it out in Quebec.

When asked when Budweiser would arrive in Manitoba, a Labatt's spokesperson told the Free Press that it wouldn't until a legal dispute with Carling O'Keefe over the Standard Lager beer label was settled.

It appears that Carling O'Keefe that initiated the legal proceedings in 1980 against the American brewing giant claiming that its Budweiser label, which was eventually registered as a trademark in Canada around 1970 when the American firm began thinking about a move into Canada, infringed on their Standard Lager label.

After years of legal wrangling the Federal Court of Appeal released its landmark ruling still used in copyright law today,  "Carling O’Keefe Breweries of Canada Ltd. v. Anheuser-Busch  Inc. (1986)", on July 3, 1986 .

The court found that: a. the labels were similar enough in appearance to be confusing; b. Drewry's would have had knowledge of what the Budweiser label looked like when it designed its Standard Lager label; and c. the Standard Lager label likely shouldn't have been registered back in 1926.

Despite this, the court ruled the case a "draw". It said both breweries had legally used their script labels for so long that each was strongly identified with their respective brands and neither would have to stop using it.

Budweiser finally hit the Manitoba market in May 1988.

The following year, Carling O'Keefe merged with Molson's to become Molson's Brewery of Canada.

https://www.molsoncoors.com/en/brands#?n=standard%20lager
The legal fighting didn't end with the 1986 ruling.

In 1991, Anheuser-Busch applied for a new trade mark registration to allow it to use the Budweiser script logo on clothing, hats, cups and other promotional items in Canada. Molson's registered its opposition to the Trade Mark Opposition Board (TMOB). In 1995, the board ruled that Molson's opposition be rejected.

In 2001, Anheuser-Busch resubmitted an application to use the Budweiser script logo on clothing and other promotional items in Canada. Again, Molson's objected and in 2008 the TMOB again ruled against Molson's.

The issue ended up back in Federal Court which ruled in 2010 that the TMOB overstepped its bounds and should not have rejected Molson's opposition. (For more on the TMOB situation see: Trade Mark Blog and Robic.ca.) 

The legal battle between the Standard Lager and Budweiser brands is likely not over.

It is interesting to see the amount of time and money that has been spent over the decades defending a small, regional beer brand's label. Perhaps the fact that Standard Lager provides its owners with a sharp stick with which to poke one of its largest competitors from time to time is the reason the brand has remained alive to this day.

Molson's did not respond to a request asking for information about its Standard Lager brand.

An aside:

As the 1980s legal action was winding its way through the courts the sales of Standard Lager dropped off drastically.

Carling O'Keefe had arranged to brew Miller beer under license for the Canadian market starting in the summer of 1983. Thanks to an unusually hot summer and better than expected demand for Miller, its Winnipeg brewery had to add weekend shifts and curtail the production of some of its own brands. Production of Standard Lager ceased altogether for a few weeks until the brewery got caught up.

When summer was over, the brewery was afraid it may have lost some of its 'traditional beer' drinkers, so they applied to the Public Utilities Board (!) and received permission to reduce the price of Standard Lager six pack by 50 cents down to $3.50 and a case of twelve by $1.00 down to $6.70.

Labatt's soon followed suit by obtaining permission for a similar price reduction of its "old school Manitoba brew, Shea's Select.

Monday, 22 July 2019

Fire destroys birthplace of Serta mattresses

© 2019, Christian Cassidy
The warehouse at 274 Dufferin Avenue destroyed by fire early this morning was long-time home to the Globe Bedding Company, creators of the Serta brand mattress.

Globe Bedding Co. was founded in Winnipeg in 1913 by W. Keller and Moses Nathanson in rented premises on King Street at Dufferin. After that building burned to the ground in April 1918, they hired architect Max Blankstein to design a new headquarters on Jarvis Avenue at Schultz Street.

Business was good as the company began selling its Restesy brand mattresses, as well as comforters and pillows, across Western Canada and was making inroads into the eastern market. In 1928, they bought out the Sprung Bedding Company of Calgary.

Globe opened a “palatial expansion” to its headquarters in October 1926. Built by Victor Rubin, the two storey, brick extension measured 132 feet wide by 62 feet deep and Globe now took up most of the block.

The Serta line of mattress, including the "Serta Perfect Sleeper", was introduced ca. 1938 and within a couple of decades was a recognized brand across North America. 

In the 1960s, Globe was sold into a consortium of local furniture manufacturers. It appears to have maintained a presence in the Jarvis Avenue building until at least the late 1960s

Today, Serta is part of U.S. based Serta Simmons Bedding, North America's largest mattress manufacturer.

Saturday, 20 July 2019

The last time the Bombers went 5 - 0

© 2019, Christian Cassidy
The last time the Bombers went 5 - 0 was at the start of the 1960 CFL season.

The Bombers were two-time defending Grey Cup champions, so there were lots of expectations for the team. Coached by Bud Grant and led by quarterback Kenny Ploen, the trio of Carver Shannon, Ernie Pitts and Gerry James jostled each other atop the western division's scoring standings.

The Bombers had outscored their opponents 141 - 65 in their first four games. This included a 50 - 7 beat down of the Stampeders at the inaugural game at McMahon Stadium.

The fifth game was against the Roughriders in Regina on Saturday, August 27th. Fans with $17.50 burning a hole in their pocket could get a round trip bus ride and ticket to the game thanks to a promotion run by the Otterburne Sports Club. If not, CKY radio had a play by play of the game later that evening.

In the first quarter Leo Lewis opened the scoring for the Bombers with a touchdown followed just a couple of minutes later by one from Pitts. By the end of the first quarter they were up 13 - 0. Jack Matheson wrote that at this point the team "had rarely looked so devastating".

Saskatchewan tried to fight back but were stymied by the Bombers' defence. Two more Bomber touchdowns in the fourth quarter completed the 27 - 0 romp.

The Bombers went on to win five more games in a row for a 10 - 0 record and finished the season atop the western standings at 14 - 2. The playoffs were a best of three series against the Edmonton Eskimos in November. They Bombers lost and Edmonton went on to lose the Grey Cup to the Ottawa Rough Riders.

Coverage of the 5 - 0 game from the Free Press and Tribune on August 29, 1960:

Monday, 1 July 2019

The bumpy road from Dominion Day to Canada Day

Happy Canada Day !

It may surprise you to know that the name of our official holiday didn't change from Dominion Day to Canada Day until 1983. The campaign to change it started immediately after the Second World War. For more about that journey, check out my latest column in the Winnipeg Real Estate News !

Friday, 28 June 2019

Architect Paul Melsted Clemens (Part 2)

© 2019, Christian Cassidy
Further to part one, this is a "buildingography" of architect Paul Melsted Clemens. Its core is based on Clemens' Dictionary of Biography of Canadian Architects. I then tracked down the addresses of the buildings, searched for any articles I could find about their construction, and photographed the ones that still existed. A few additional buildings were discovered along the way and the fact that some of the buildings credited to him were never constructed also came to light.

This list is not complete. I expect it get tweaked over time as I stumble across new archives or articles. (For a photo gallery of Clemens' work.)

The buildings for the most part are listed by year they were constructed or opened, not when the drawings were done. There was sometime a lag time between the two.


Oddson House - 448 Sherbrook Street (1905)
This Victorian-style home was designed for developer and real estate agent Thorstein Oddson and family. For more information, including photos and drawings, see my Winnipeg Places post.


St. James School - North of Portage Ave., St. James, Manitoba (1907)
St. James School
Mentions of the construction of this school for the St. James School Division can be found in local papers in Spring 1907. Clemens himself called for tenders for the construction of its foundations in April.

It was built north of Portage Avenue in the Oakdale Park subdivision which was located just south of Silver Heights. It was likely one of a number of schools that have come and gone on this site on Linwood Street. (Image: Winnipeg Telegram, May 18, 1907)


Pulford Residence - 39 East Gate (1907)
This Queen Anne-style house was constructed for auctioneer and city alderman A. H. Pulford. A brief mention in the Winnipeg Free Press said the building was "exceptionally artistic" with hardwood interiors and a pressed brick exterior. It cost around $20,000 to construct, well over a half a million dollars in today's money. (Map)


Argyle Block - 224 Notre Dame Avenue (1908)
This building was designed for the suburban land developer Argyle Land Company. A unique feature is that it has two facades, one facing Garry Street and the other other Notre Dame Avenue. Construction began in the autumn of 1908.

It measures 110 ft x 50 feet and, according to the city's historic buildings committee, "is a rare example of the Romanesque Revival style applied to a commercial building". For more about this building, see my Winnipeg Places post.


Cumberland Court - 365 Cumberland Avenue (1909 - ca. 1975)
This was an eight-unit block featuring huge, six-room suites that took up the entire length of the building with a balcony at each end. The reason for the relative luxury was its location - overlooking Central Park. Unfortunately, photos cannot be found.

It began renting in September 1909 and the "for rent" ads disappeared in 1975. It is now a parking lot. (Map)


Winona Court - 174 Nassau Street (1909)
This three-storey, eight-unit block was constructed for William G Willoughby for a cost of $20,000. The building permit was issued in May 1909 and the first "to let" ads appeared in October.


Haslemere Apartments - 559 Ellice Avenue (ca. 1910-1974)
This 28-unit apartment block was designed for fellow Icelander Thorstein Oddson. The Haselmere was destroyed by a fire in January 1974 that killed nine people. It is believed to be the second deadliest fire in Winnipeg's history.


Kilgour-Rimer Annex - 85 Princess Street (1910 - ca. 1957)
In 1910, shoe and boot manufacturer Kilgour Rimer had plans drawn up for this building to be constructed on a pair of vacant lots adjacent to their headquarters at 87 Princess Street. Because there was already a Kilgour-Rimer Block, this building did not really have a name of its own.

The building was rented out to other companies. The first was Lamontagne Ltd. of Montreal, manufacturers of everything from harnesses and saddles to travel trunks and blankets.

Mentions of the building and "office space for rent" ads disappear from local papers in 1957. In 1959, construction began on what is now Deer and Almond restaurant. For more about the modern day 85 Princess, see the City of Winnipeg Historic Buildings report. (Map)

Nova Villa Apartments - 615 Sherbrook Street (1910)
A $45,000 building permit was issued for this 20-unit, three-storey apartment block in May 1910. The developer was Albert C. Johnson. "For Rent" ads first appear in December 1910. (Map)

Dawson Court - 432 Furby Street (1910)
This 14-unit, three storey walk-up was constructed in 1910. Its first for rent ads appeared in September of that year. The building was abandoned in the early 2000s and extensively renovated in 2011 into a 15-unit building.


Markland Court - 706 Furby Street (1910 - ca. 1968)
This 15-unit apartment block was built for developer A Johnson at a cost of $45,000. Clemens called  for tenders for its construction in early April 1910.

It was purchased by the city in 1968 as part of a $1 million road works project to extend Cumberland Avenue from Spence Street through to Maryland Street, thus allowing Notre Dame to become a two-way street in and out of the downtown. The new Cumberland Street opened in 1971. (Map)


Victoria Court - William Avenue (1910)
In October 1910,  "for rent" ads began appearing for this 22 unit block constructed for developer Joseph Johnson.


Harald Court - 641-645  Westminster (1911)
This 14-unit block may have been built for Albert Johnson. A $60,000 building permit was taken out by him in May 1911 for a large block on this stretch of Westminster.


Ramona Court - 267 - 269 Pritchard (1911 - ca. 1997)


F. W. Handel of 277 St. John’s Avenue took out a $35,000 permit for the 18-unit Ramona Court, which was on the north side of Pritchard Avenue between Main and Charles. Handel was a well-known hotelier who served a two-year term on the city's parks board.

The building ran into trouble in the 1980s. In 1983, there was a fire in one of the suites and it was auctioned off in a mortgage sale. In 1984, the new owner was ordered to make numerous repairs, including fixing faulty fire escapes, holes in the floor and an overloaded electrical system. The following year, he was fined $2,000 for not complying - the highest fine ever for such infractions.

In July 26, 1997, an arsonist set three separate fires in the building. Though they were extinguished, the building suffered extensive water damage. It never reopened and was eventually torn down. In 2005, two new homes were built on the long-vacant lot. (Map)


Diana Court - 583 Furby Street (1911)
This 21-suite apartment block was likely constructed for L. Jorundson who took out  $35,000 building permit on Furby Street in June 1911. The building was renovated in 2013 and 2015, but shut down in 2018 by city inspectors.


Waldorf Apartments - 233- 235 Langside and 634 Broadway (1911)

The building permit was issued for this building in June 1911 and the first for rent ads can be found in June 1912, though it may have opened earlier than that. According to street directories it houses 21 units over three addresses. (For a look inside.)


Windsor Apartments - 122 Langside Street (1912)
https://www.flickr.com/photos/christiansphotos/46969364895
A $36,000 building permit was issued for this 13-unit building in June 1912 to developer B. Bjarnson with S. Brynjolffsson and Son as contractors. The first "for rent" ads appeared in November. (Map)


Albermarle Apartments - 64 Langside Street (1911-1912)
A $55,000 building permit was issued for this block in July 1911 to G L Stanwood, the Western Manager of Doherty Piano and Organ Company. Its western sales office and showroom was on Hargrave Street.

Classified ads referring to the building as the "Classy Albermarle" projected a January 15, 1912 completion date. The 19 units were made up of 2, 3, and 4 room suites. Each had a fireplace, outside windows and two balconies - one off the living room and the other a "sleeping balcony".


Burris Apartments - 686 Toronto Street (1912)
https://www.flickr.com/photos/christiansphotos/46007882934
The building permit for this seven-unit, three-storey block was issued to S. Anderson in March 1912. Its narrow profile is due to the fact that it replaced a single family home. It was recently put up for sale.

It was called the Hyldegunn Apartments until at least June 1913, then changed to the Burriss Block. That name was sullied in January 1914 when it made international news as the hideout where "Bloody Jack" Krawchenko was finally captured.


Pandora Court - 759 Winnipeg Street (1912 - 1978)
The 14-unit Pandora Court was financed and built by Albert Johnson and was open by January 1913. It was located on Winnipeg Avenue just west of Emily Street.

In the 1970s, the newly created Health Sciences Centre began a large number of building projects on its campus, including the demolition of neighbouring residences it had bought up to create more parking. It demolished other structures on this part of Winnipeg Avenue to create surface parking in 1974.

When the city demanded in 1978 that the HSC, which owned the Pandora Court and nearby Emily Apartments, to make substantial upgrades to the buildings to meet the new fire code, the HSC balked at the $70,000 per building estimate and opted instead to tear the buildings down to add to the parking. According to the HSC, most of the residents in the buildings were HSC employees. T

This site is now home to the 1,000 stall Emily Street Parkade which opened in 1991.


Emily Apartments - 745 Winnipeg Street (1912 - 1978)

This 21-unit building was located at the corner of Winnipeg Avenue and Emily Street and was built at the same time(likely for the same developer) as Pandora Court a couple of doors down.. The first newspaper mentions of the block can be found in January 1913.

In the 1970s, the newly created Health Sciences Centre began a large number of building projects on its campus, including the demolition of neighbouring residences it had bought up to create more parking. It demolished other structures on this part of Winnipeg Avenue to create surface parking in 1974.

When the city demanded in 1978 that the HSC, which owned Emily Apartments and Pandora Court, to make substantial upgrades to the buildings to meet the new fire code, the HSC balked at the $70,000 per building estimate and opted instead to tear the buildings down to add to the parking lot. According to the HSC, most of the residents in the buildings were HSC employees. T

This site is now home to the 1,000 stall Emily Street Parkade which opened in 1991.


Rosetta Court / Bradeen Apartments  - 149 Langside (1913)

According to the Dictionary of Architects, the building permit for the "Bradeen Apartments" was issued in July 1911. It opened, however, as the 15-unit "Rosetta Court" with the first "for rent" ads appearing around May 1913. (The Henderson Directory confirms the building was still under construction in early 1913.) The name was changed to Bradeen Apartments in 1924.

In 1931, 68-year-old caretaker Burton Walker of suite 2 was killed when the building's boiler blew up.

Harrow Apartments - 980 Grosvenor / 183 and 185 Harrow (1913)
https://www.flickr.com/photos/christiansphotos/46657471891/
This 22-unit apartment block was constructed in 1913. "For rent" ads first appeared in July offering four room apartments for rent starting “around September 1”. 

There must have been a struggle to complete the building as according to the 1915 Henderson Directory most of the suites are listed as empty.  The Grosvenor entrance, which had eight suites associated with it, five were vacant. The Harrow entrance had fourteen suites, ten of which were vacant.

This could have been associated with a deep recession that hit the city that year. Many construction projects were stopped in their tracks.


Asquith Court - 720 Furby Street (1912-1975)
The building permit for the 14-unit Asquith Court was taken out in May 1913 and was open by early 1914. It was most likely named for H. H. Asquith, British Prime Minister from 1908 - 1916.

The building survived a 1970, $1 million roadworks project that extended Cumberland Avenue from  Spence Street to Maryland Street so that both Notre Dame and Cumberland could be made into one-ways routes into and out of the downtown. Numerous properties on several streets were demolished for the project, but the Asquith clung to the edge of the new Cumberland Avenue and Furby.

In December 1974, the Asquith was the scene of a two alarm fire that caused $10 - 15,000 in fire damage to a third floor suite as well as roof and water damage to the building. It never reopened. The property is now 585 Cumberland and home to a Chinese Buddhist temple.


Hrefna Apartments - 768 Toronto Street (1913)
Sylvia Apartments - 770 Toronto Street (1913)

S. Palmason took out a $100,000 building permit for the Sylvia and Hrefna, identical 14-suite blocks, in January 1913. In 1925, they were sold to a new owner who converted both buildings under the name Verbena Apartments.


Moyse Residence - 838 Wolseley Avenue (1913)
This grand home in the Georgian Revival style was constructed for John Moyse, owner of a large livery and sales stable at 323 William Avenue. It has dual entrances, one facing Wolseley and one facing Palmerston. A two-storey enclosed porch overlooking the river runs the entire rear of the house.

Moyse died at the house in 1921 and it was soon sold off. In 1950, it was converted into three suites.


Wilson Residence -
854 Wolseley Avenue (1913)
Built in 1913 for Thomas Wilson and family, president of the Colonial (Fire) Assurance Company with offices in the Boyd Building. He died at the home in 1924 at the age of 47. Like its neighbour, in later years it was subdivided into at least two units with a one bedroom suite upstairs.


The Ruth Apartments - 510 Sherbrook Street (1914)
https://www.flickr.com/photos/christiansphotos/45959186714/
Also constructed for Albert C. Johnson at a cost of $65,000. The permit was issued in February 1913 and it began advertising suites for rent in October. Notable is the decorative stonework, much more than most of Clemens' buildings.


Hampton Court, 478 - 480 Langside Street (1914)
On January 3, 1914 the first major building permit of the year was issued to S. H. and H. Sigurdson, contractors and owners of 478 - 480 Langside Street. It was for the construction of the $90,000, 28-suite Hampton Court. The building appears to have opened in stages with the first wave of want ads appearing in october 1914, a second wave, for about half a dozen new apartments, came in February 1915.

The building's name was often confused with that of Hampson (or Hampton) Court on Kennedy Street. As a result, its name was changed in 1918 to Cheltenham Court.



Minerva Court -290 Beverley Street (1914)

The permit was issued in March 2014 for this 14-unit block. The first for rent ad can be found in October 1914.


Hazelton Apartments - 722 Maryland Street (1914)

This 14-unit building was constructed in 1914. As the building permit was issued in May 1914, it could make this Clemens' last commission that was built. The building became vacant ca. 2000. In 2007, it was purchased and renovated into condo units.


OTHER PROJECTS:

Skjaldborg Lutheran Church - Ellice and Burnell (1912)

Clemens' drawings for Skjaldborg Lutheran Church show a rather grand, stone structure. The church did exist, built by Thorsten Oddson in 1913, but was likely a much more modest wooden structure.

When the church property was sold to the school division in 1921 to expand General Wolfe School the building was sold on the condition that it be moved off the site, which also suggests that it wasn't a three-storey, stone building.


North Winnipeg Hospital - 571-573 Anderson Avenue (1913)
The North Winnipeg Hospital, a private facility, was established in 1908 in a house on Burrows Avenue. In 1913, its board announced that they had purchased two houses on Anderson Avenue from which they would operate from until they built a larger, permanent hospital on the site.

Clemens prepared the drawings and for the new $200,000 facility, but fundraising efforts fell flat likely due to the war. There are no newspaper articles mentioning that the new building was ever constructed and the city assessment records show that the two houses currently on the site date back to 1912.

The hospital was taken over by the city's hospital system ca. 1920 to be an overflow infectious disease hospital. It closed shortly after.


Royal Templars Hall - 360 Young Street (1916 - ca. 1979?)

An early 1916 edition of the journal Construction notes that Clemens was "preparing plans for a hall and office building for the Royal Templars Hall Co." The hall was situated at 360 Young Street and it opened in July, though its official opening did not take place until November 10. An image can't be found, but it was described as two-storey, brick building.

In the 1960s it became the Scandinavian Centre and was sold in 1978 to purchase its current home on Erin Street.


Apartment on Evanson Street - (July 1911-13)
A building permit was issued to C F Walker 30,000 in 1911, the value suggests this was a three storey walk-up. It is unclear which building it is as 1911-13 is when Evanson Street opened up and numerous apartments and houses were being building all at once.

No existing apartment block matches that timeline, so it could have been demolished. It is not the Rosa Linda Apartments. Perhaps it was the Evanson Apartments at number 62, though in 1914 an apartment by that same name existed in 1914. It could have been that the street was renumbered.


Houses


The bread and butter for most of the developers that Clemens worked with were houses.

The city began subdividing the West End in 1903 - 04 and over the next decade many thousands of homes were built. It is not unusual to find mentions that builders like Johnson or Oddson getting as many as a ten building permits at once. It is likely that Clemens had a hand in designing some of the "stock houses" that were sued. The above write up in Canadian Lumberman shows one of his stick designs.

- House on Selkirk Avenue East (1906)
Clemens himself called for the construction tenders for this house. Its exact location is not known.

- Boarding Houses - NE corner Bannatyne avenue at Kate Street (1907)
A May 1907 newspaper article mentions that Clemens was designing two brick houses, each with "twelve large bedrooms" and shared dining room for the Jackson Building Company, a local builder and developer.

Mention of Jackson and his firm disappear from local newspapers around October 1907 and in November 1907 a classified ad runs selling one "nearly completed" 16-room brick house and another next to it with the foundations already dug at this intersection, though which corner was not speecified. The project likely never got completed because the Hollyrood apartment block was constructed at the NE corner in 1909.